Polka dotted dwiyet Aileen Burton is the author of National Dress of Dominica published in 2008.
More information available at Division of Culture, Old Mill Cultural Centre, Canefield (767) 449-1804.

Gwan Jupon
As its name suggests, this petticoat is quite wide. Interviews with senior citizens indicate that the jupon was made of white cotton richly trimmed with lace and tucks in various designs. Red ribbon passed through insertion lace is a fairly recent introduction and is optional.

Some gwan jupons were made with a moderate 'tail' to match that of the Gwan Wòb.

The jupon must be well starched and ironed flat. Years ago, according to Ms. Patricia Cools-Latigue, an instrument called a fer a tuyauter was used to produce small waves on the lace border. Handmade accordion pleats were also very popular.

During an interview with Mr. Louis Martin of Jewel Street, Roseau, he remarked "one could hear the rustle of the petticoats as the ladies walked to Sunday mass"—so well were they starched.


Foula
Wob
(dominant colour)
Foula
Yellow Blue
Dark blue Yellow
Pink Green
Violet Bright red
Red Violet
Chocolate Pale blue
Sky blue Pale rose
This scarf or foula is triangular in shape and can be made of plain or patterned satin. The foula is draped over the shoulders with the apex falling to the centre of the back. The ends can be tied in a knot at the level of the breasts and secured with a broach. They can also be secured with the waist ties of the Gwan Wòb.

As added decoration the foula can be trimmed with braids of various colours and designs.

The following is a colour code for Wòb and foula as documented by Lafcadio Hearn in 1880.

Headpiece
The tête a l'air, or tête pitché as it is called in Dominica, is worn with the formal Dwiyèt for special occasions. The tête calendée which is made from a madras square and painted a bright saffron yellow in various designs is reserved for ceremonial occasions. These aforementioned headpieces are flat with a solitary peak. They are ready made and permanent, and are worn low on the forehead with a slight tilt to the side.

The tête cassée was traditionally worn with the semi formal Dwiyèt.

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